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Fayoum Basin The Oasis & Environs

The Fayoum is a wonderful area of Egypt with a  rich and interesting history. It is an area where Egyptians often vacation and  which is constantly growing more popular among Europeans. This 692 sq. mile  depression was a lush paradise during prehistoric times. It's water level was  eighty-five meters higher than today (currently 45 meters below sea level) and  the Nile regularly flooded through the low  mountains separating it from the Fayoum. At 215 square km, the current lake Qaroun  remains Egypt's  largest salt water lake. The prehistoric people who lived here were, at first,  nomadic hunters and gatherers, but later began harvesting plants near the lake. 

 

Whale Valley

 

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This developed into what is said to be the earliest agricultural area in the  world, where fences were erected and guarded warehouses built. It has remained  an agriculture center, well known for it's fruits, vegetables and chickens. But  agriculture is not the Fayoums only claim for being first.  The Greek  mummy portraits found in the Fayoum are said to be the worlds first true life  portraits, and examples can be found in area museums. In addition, a  paved road, which has been noted as a landmark of engineering by engineering  societies along side the Eiffel   Tower and Statue of  Liberty, is said to be possibly the first paved road in the world and dates to  over 4,500 years.Here, on the edge of the desert, you can sail, windsurf, swim  and fish.

 



Fayoum


Fayoum


Fayoum